Cannabis Terpenes

Cannabis terpenoids, or terpenes, are the chemical compounds responsible for giving cannabis its unique aroma. Like cannabinoids, research has shown that terpenoids have medicinal properties. The synergistic combination of terpenoids and cannabinoids create an “entourage effect,” meaning that use of the entire plant is more medically beneficial than any one cannabinoid or terpenoid in isolation.

This table, reproduced in part from Dr. Ethan Russo’s landmark research on the phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects, helps show a vast, complicated and interconnected world of cannabis, beyond merely THC and CBD.

Terpene Commonly Encountered In (or smells like) Medicinal Property & Reference Synergistic Cannabinoid Strains of Cannabis Thought to Possess This Terpene in Abundance
α-Pinene Pine
  1. Anti-inflammatory
  2. Brochodilatory
  3. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, aiding memory
  1. CBD
  2. THC
  3. THC?, CBD
Jack Herer, Bubba Kush, Chemdawg
Limonene Lemon
  1. Potent immunostimulant via inhalation
  2. Anxiolytic
  3. Apoptosis of breast cancer cells
  4. Active against acne bacteria
  5. Dermatophytes
  1. CBD
  2. CBD
  3. CBD, CBG
  4. CBD
  5. CBG
Super Lemon Haze, OG Kush, Lemon Skunk
β-Myrcene Hops
  1. Blocks inflammation
  2. Analgesic
  3. Sedating, muscle relaxant, hypnotic
  4. Blocks hepatic carcinogenesis by aflatoxin
  1. CBD
  2. CBD, THC
  3. THC
  4. CBD, CBG
White Widow, Himalayan Gold, Pure Kush
Linalool Lavender
  1. Anti-anxiety
  2. Sedative on inhalation in mice
  3. Local anesthetic
  4. Analgesic
  5. Anticonvulsant antiglutamate
  1. CBD, CBG?
  2. THC
  3. THC
  4. CBD
  5. CBD, THCV, CBDV
Lavender, LA Confidential, G-13
b-Caryophyllene Pepper
  1. Gastric Cytoprotective
  2. Anti-malarial
  3. Selective CB2 Agonist
  4. Treatment of Addiction
  1. THC
  2. ?
  3. THC
  4. CBD
Hash Plant
Nerolidol Orange
  1. Sedative
  2. Skin Penetrant
  3. Potent Anti-malarial
  1. THC, CBN
  2. ?
  3. ?
?